The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is an international standard for describing language abilities and is used worldwide, although primarily in Europe, and has so far been translated into 39 languages. It was compiled by the Council of Europe in cooperation with the relevant language institutions, with the aim of enabling an objective description of the language competences of foreign language learners from any part of Europe in a way that would be harmonized and easily recognizable between countries. It was first published in 2001.
The CEFR contains guidelines for objectively describing the knowledge and skills of foreign language learners, which are designed in such a way as to provide a very clear basis for curricula and tests for each level. This ensures that a person who passed level B1, for example, in Germany can go to Spain and continue studying at level B2, i.e. that the professors have a clear idea of the language skills and competences of this person even though she did not complete the previous course at their school.
The CEFR distinguishes three basic levels of foreign language knowledge: A (beginner), B (intermediate) and C (advanced) and six sub-levels: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2 and prescribes in detail what a foreign language student should LEARN and KNOWS upon completion of each of the sublevels, through so-called “CAN-DO” statements.
- Reading comprehension
- Comprehension of what has been heard
- Written communication
- Verbal communication
Texts and tasks
- Letter (eg complaint, request)
- Job description
- Report on practice and training
- Dialogues at school and at work
- Job interview
- Presentations (eg product presentation) etc.
GER – European Reference Framework
Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR)